Memorial University of Newfoundland

Coordinates: 47°34′19″N 52°43′58″W / 47.57203°N 52.73265°W / 47.57203; -52.73265
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Memorial University of Newfoundland
Latin: Universitas Memorialis
Former names
Memorial University College
MottoProvehito in Altum (Latin)
Motto in English
"Launch forth into the deep"
Established1925; 99 years ago (1925)
EndowmentCAD$159 million[1]
ChancellorEarl Ludlow[2]
PresidentNeil Bose
VisitorJudy Foote
Academic staff
Administrative staff
Location, ,

47°34′19″N 52°43′58″W / 47.57203°N 52.73265°W / 47.57203; -52.73265
St. John's: 279 acres (113 ha)
Grenfell: 185 acres (75 ha)
Harlow: 25 acres (10 ha)
Sporting affiliations
MascotSammy the Seahawk

Memorial University of Newfoundland, also known as Memorial University or MUN (/mʌn/), is a public research university in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, based in St. John's, with satellite campuses in Corner Brook, elsewhere in Newfoundland and in Labrador, Saint Pierre, and Harlow, England. Memorial University offers certificate, diploma, undergraduate, graduate, and post-graduate programs, as well as online courses and degrees.

Founded in September 1925 as a living memorial to Newfoundlanders and Labradorians who died in the First World War, Memorial is the largest university in Atlantic Canada and Newfoundland and Labrador's only university. As of 2018, there were a reported 1,330 faculty and 2,474 staff, supporting 18,000 students from nearly 100 countries.[5][6]



At its founding, Newfoundland was a dominion of the United Kingdom. Memorial University began as Memorial University College (MUC), which opened in September 1925 at a campus on Parade Street in St. John's.[7] It was founded to honour the war dead from World War I, to provide a way of educating school teachers for the local religious schools, and to offer students higher education locally. Before that, there was no high-ranking post-secondary education in the dominion; students often went to Canada, the United Kingdom, or the United States. Students were first admitted into a non-degree program in 1925. The original location on Parade Street in St. Johns was established with the help of a grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York.[8]

The college was established as a memorial to the Newfoundlanders who had lost their lives on active service during the First World War.[7] It was later rededicated also to encompass the province's war dead of the Second World War.[9]

The first president was J. L. Paton. It offered the first two years of university studies. MUC's initial enrollment was 57 students, which peaked at over 400 in the 1940s. In 1933, it merged with the adjacent Normal School and took responsibility for teacher training.[citation needed]

Early period[edit]

The period from the founding in 1925 until 1949 in Newfoundland was chaotic, reflecting Newfoundland's shifting economic and political situation, from the last flowering of independence to depression and life on the dole. The 1940 discovery of Newfoundland as a strategic military asset brought a new period of prosperity. Enrolment at the university went through ups and downs during this period, reflecting the shifting fortunes of Newfoundland.[8]

Newfoundland gave up dominion status in 1934, ending self-government in exchange for British Commission of Government rule[10] as a crown colony.[11] Newfoundland remained a crown colony until it joined Canada as a province in 1949.[12]

The post-Confederation government elevated the status of Memorial University College to full university status in August 1949, renaming the institution to Memorial University of Newfoundland.[7] Memorial University was established by the Memorial University Act.[13]

The enrolment in Memorial's first year was 307 students.[citation needed]


In 1959, Memorial pioneered the Extension Service as a model for field education and community development.

In 1961, enrolment increased to 1400, and Memorial moved from Parade Street to its present location on Elizabeth Avenue (St. John's Campus).[7]

On 8 March 1965, the government of Newfoundland announced free tuition for first-year students enrolled at Memorial University in St. John's.[14] The Faculty of Medicine of Memorial University of Newfoundland was established in 1967, and the first students were admitted in 1969. It admits approximately 80 students into the M.D. program each year and also offers MSc and PhD programs.

Memorial maintains a campus in Harlow, England which opened to students in 1969. This campus has been a popular location for internships in education, and now offers credit courses, work terms, and internships in a number of areas. The campus accommodates approximately 50 students.

Memorial established the Institut Frecker in St. Pierre in 1973, to offer one-semester French immersion programs. It was housed in a building provided by the Archdiocese of St. Pierre until 2000. Now known as the Program Frecker, it is currently run from the FrancoForum, a language teaching facility owned by the government of St. Pierre. The program is partially supported by the governments of Canada and Newfoundland and Labrador.

In September 1975, a campus was opened in Corner Brook; it was first renamed Sir Wilfred Grenfell College in 1979 and renamed again in 2010 as Grenfell Campus, Memorial University of Newfoundland. Currently, 1300 students attend Grenfell, which offers full degree programs in several disciplines, including Fine Arts, and partial programs, which can be completed at the St. John's campus, in many other subjects.

View of the MUN Clock Tower and QEII Library exterior
View of the QEII Library interior
The Chemistry-Physics Building
The Bruneau Centre (taken during filming of Hudson & Rex)
The Ocean Sciences Centre

In 1977, the Memorial University of Newfoundland Educational Television Centre implemented the Telemedicine project.

In 1992, the Institute of Fisheries and Marine Technology in St. John's became affiliated with Memorial University as the Fisheries and Marine Institute of Memorial University of Newfoundland. Today, it is named the Marine Institute of Memorial University of Newfoundland. It offers both degree and non-degree programs and has a high place in international ranking systems.

The modern day[edit]

In 2008, the university's hiring process for incoming presidents came under scrutiny for political interference by the province's education minister, Joan Shea.[15]

In May 2021, the Board of Regents of Memorial University recommended that the institution should proceed with officially changing its name to Memorial University of Newfoundland and Labrador.[16] However, changing the university's legal name will require an act of the province's House of Assembly, and has not yet taken effect.

In September 2019, the Memorial University Senate voted unanimously to create a degree-granting campus in Labrador.[17] Memorial University subsequently established the School of Arctic and Sub-Arctic Studies in 2020. A campus in Happy Valley-Goose Bay (renovated from the former provincial courthouse on Hamilton River Road) was expected to offer courses in fall 2022.[18]

In October 2023, a report by the Auditor-General found several concerns with the University's operations and expenses.[19]



Motto, shield, and arms[edit]

The university's motto is Provehito in Altum, 'to launch forth into the deep.' The arms of the university, designed by Alan Beddoe, have as their charges a cross moline, three books, and waves representing the sea, and were registered with the Canadian Heraldic Authority on 10 September 1992.[20][21]


Schools and faculties[edit]

Memorial has seven faculties (Business Administration, Education, Engineering, Humanities and Social Sciences, Medicine, Nursing, and Science) and seven Schools (Artic and Subarctic Studies, Fine Arts, Graduate Studies, Music, Pharmacy, Human Kinetics and Recreation, and Social Work). These offer a wide variety of undergraduate and graduate degree programs.[22]

Memorial's Faculty of Business Administration is recognized as a leader in Canadian business education with a high ranking,[citation needed] offering programs at undergraduate and graduate levels, including a bachelor of commerce, international bachelor of business administration, bachelor of business administration, master of business administration, master of employment relations and Ph.D. degrees.

Students can choose to specialize in the following engineering disciplines: Civil Engineering, Computer Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Ocean and Naval Architectural Engineering (combined degree), Engineering Management,[23] and Process Engineering.[24]

The St. John's campus is home to the Faculty of Medicine, co-located with the Newfoundland Health Science Center General Hospital. The Faculty of Medicine grants undergraduate and graduate degrees in medicine while also providing residential and advanced training. It is one of only four medical schools in Atlantic Canada (the others are Dalhousie University Faculty of Medicine, University of New Brunswick Medical Training Centre and Université de Moncton Medical Training Centre.

The Department of Biochemistry has a dietetic program accredited by the Dietitians of Canada, and the university's graduates may subsequently become registered dietitians.

Queen's College, an affiliated College of Memorial University, offers diploma and degree studies in theology, pastoral studies, church history, and related programs. It is an associate member of the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada with 166 students.[25]

The university operates the Bonne Bay Marine Station in Gros Morne National Park.


Research at Memorial University spans six faculties and six schools on the St. John's campus, three at the Grenfell Campus, and three at the Marine Institute, covering a broad range of basic, interdisciplinary, and applied research topics. It also includes specialized centres in marine learning that study ocean technology, aquaculture, sustainable fishery, and offshore safety. Over 40% of Memorial's research is ocean-related (68% in the Faculty of Science alone).[26]

Memorial University recently joined with Dalhousie University and the University of Prince Edward Island to form the Ocean Frontier Institute,[27] a collaborative research initiative aimed at harnessing the vast potential of the world's oceans. Memorial University is a member of the University of the Arctic, an international cooperative network of universities, colleges, and other organizations concerned with education and research in Arctic region. Memorial is also a member of the International Association of Universities, Universities Canada, Association of Commonwealth Universities, Canadian Virtual University, and the Canadian Bureau for International Education.

In 2009, Memorial University launched Yaffle to provide researchers and community partners an opportunity to connect and exchange ideas, expertise, research interests, and publicly engaged activities in an open and accessible way. Yaffle is managed by the Leslie Harris Centre of Regional Policy and Development at Memorial University.

Research impact[edit]

Out of 50 universities in Canada, Research Infosource ranked Memorial University the 20th most research-intensive for fiscal year 2016, with a sponsored research income of $91.178 million, averaging $93,500 per faculty member.[28] Times Higher Education ranked Memorial University 17th among Canadian universities for subject-normalised total citations.[29]

According to Memorial University's President's Report 2017, Memorial's total research funding for the fiscal year 2016-17 was over $100 million.[30] Memorial is the seat of 20 active Canada Research Chairs and 13 sponsored research chairs.[31]

Research centres and institutes[edit]

Memorial University operates and manages over 30 research units. Some fall under the direct authority of their respective faculties or schools, while others have a pan-university mandate or multi-organization consortium. Below is a sampling of the more prominent units:[32]

  • Aging Research Centre – Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Autonomous Oceans Systems Laboratory
  • Bonne Bay Marine Station
  • Boreal Ecosystem Research Initiative, Grenfell Campus
  • Bruneau Centre for Excellence in Choral Music
  • Centre for Applied Ocean Technology, Marine Institute
  • Centre for Aquaculture and Seafood Development (CASD), Marine Institute
  • Centre for Fisheries Ecosystems Research, Marine Institute
  • Centre for Marine Simulation (CMS), Marine Institute
  • Centre for Sustainable Aquatic Resources (CSAR), Marine Institute
  • Craig L. Dobbin Genetics Research Centre
  • Digital Research Centre for Qualitative Fieldwork
  • eHealth Research Unit
  • English Language Research Centre
  • Environmental Policy Institute, Grenfell Campus
  • Folklore and Language Archive (MUNFLA)
  • Health Research Unit
  • Hibernia Enhanced Oil Recovery Laboratory
  • Institute of Social and Economic Research
  • Janeway Pediatric Research Unit
  • Lewisporte Regional Fisheries and Marine Centre
  • Maritime History Archive
  • Newfoundland and Labrador Centre for Applied Health Research
  • North West River Research Station, Labrador Institute
  • Nursing Research Unit
  • Ocean Engineering Research Centre (OERC)
  • Ocean Frontier Institute (OFI)
  • Ocean Sciences Centre
  • Offshore Safety and Survival Centre (OSSC), Marine Institute
  • Primary Healthcare Research Unit
  • Research Centre for the Study of Music, Media, and Place (MMaP)
  • SafetyNet
  • Support for People and Patient-Oriented Research and Trials (SUPPORT) Unit
  • The Centre for Risk, Integrity and Safety Engineering (CRISE)
  • The J.R. Smallwood Foundation for Newfoundland and Labrador Studies

Research awards and honours[edit]

Fellows of the Royal Society of Canada 29
RSC College of New Scholars, Artists, and Scientists 4
Trudeau Fellows 2
Canadian Academy of Engineering Fellows 16
Canadian Academy of Health Services Fellows 11
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Impact Awards Gold Medal 1
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Insight Award 1
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Talent Awards 1
Arctic Inspiration Prize 2

Exchange programs[edit]

Presently, Memorial has 134 student programs, exchanges, and research partnership agreements in 40 countries. The Internationalization Office, formerly the International Student Advising Office, assists international students with housing, health insurance, academics, immigration, and career options.[33] Memorial also has a British campus in Harlow, Essex, and is one of only two universities in Canada with a foothold in the United Kingdom.[34]


University rankings
Global rankings
ARWU World[35]701–800
QS World[36]601-649
Times World[37]601–800
U.S News & World Report Global[38]698
Canadian rankings
ARWU National[35]23–24
QS National[36]24–26
Times National[37]20–27
U.S News & World Report National[38]22
Maclean's Comprehensive[39]7

In Maclean's 2023 Canadian university rankings, Memorial University of Newfoundland placed seventh in the magazine's comprehensive university category.[39] The university has also placed in several global university rankings. In 2022 Academic Ranking of World Universities, the university ranked 701–800 worldwide.[35] The 2024 QS World University Rankings ranked the university 601-649 in the world.[36] 2023 Times Higher Education World University Rankings placed the university 601–800 in the world.[37] In the U.S. News & World Report 2022–23 ranking, the university placed 698th in the world.[38]

Campuses and facilities[edit]

Memorial University has the following campuses: St. John's Campus on Elizabeth Avenue, Signal Hill, St. John's, Grenfell Campus, Corner Brook, Bonne Bay Marine Station, Holyrood Marine Base, Labrador Institute, Happy Valley-Goose Bay,[40] Ocean Sciences Centre, Institut Frecker on the French island of St-Pierre, off Newfoundland's south coast, and in Harlow, England. The largest campus in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador is split by Prince Philip Drive. [41] The university also operates the Memorial University of Newfoundland Botanical Garden.

St. John's campus[edit]

The largest campus is located in St. John's. Prince Philip Drive runs east–west through the St. John's campus, with Westerland Road bordering it to the west, Elizabeth Avenue to the south, and Allandale Road to the east. The majority of the academic buildings are located south of Prince Philip Drive: the Arts and Administration Building, the Science Building, Chemistry and Physics, Mathematics, Music, Education, Physical Education, and the Bruneau Centre for Research and Innovation. The University Centre is home to the food court, bookstore, campus bar ("Breezeway"), and the CHMR-FM campus radio station.

Libraries and archives[edit]

The Memorial University Libraries contain collections of university Archives, Fine Arts from the 1880s to present; Human History and Natural Sciences.[42] Memorial University of Newfoundland Folklore and Language Archive collection consists of manuscripts, tapes, records, photographs and artifacts pertaining to Maritime Provinces, specifically Newfoundland and Labrador.[43][44] The Queen Elizabeth II Library contains 1,072,588 monographs, 104,587 maps, 5,655 audio-visual titles and 9,081 journal titles. The Commons, located on the main floor of the library, has computers available for students and a digital media centre.

Marine Institute[edit]

The Marine Institute is a marine polytechnic institution located on Ridge Road in St. John's within Pippy Park, north of the city. It has unique facilities such as a full ship's bridge simulator and the world's largest flume tank.[45] It offers degrees, diplomas, certifications and industry training for the maritime sector.

Grenfell Campus[edit]

Grenfell Campus is a 185-acre (75 ha) site in Corner Brook. It has approximately 1400 students, 156 faculty, and 235 staff and offers Arts, Fine Arts, Business, Science, and Nursing programs. It was formerly known as Sir Wilfred Grenfell College until 10 September 2010.


Harlow Campus of Memorial University

The Harlow Campus, located in Old Harlow, Essex, England consists of the Maltings, which can accommodate 30 students, and Cabot House which can accommodate ten students.[46] A former schoolhouse and a teacher's cottage have been converted into a lecture facility and an apartment and a former shop has been converted into apartments. Memorial's Harlow Campus is not a school unto itself. Instead, professional schools and academic departments at Memorial use the Harlow Campus to deliver unique programs.[34] Harlow offers courses in Biology, Business, Drama & Performance, English Cultural Landscape, Fine Arts (both Theatre and Visual Arts), Faith, Love & Lore, and History & Political Science.[47]

Signal Hill Campus[edit]

In 2013, Memorial University purchased the former Battery Hotel, located on Signal Hill, overlooking St. John's harbour. The hotel was a landmark property with a long history in the province's cultural life. To transform the space from a hotel to a university campus, several necessary upkeep and maintenance jobs were performed. At the same time, Memorial conducted a province-wide public consultation to seek input from the Memorial University community and its public partners.

Emera Innovation Exchange

Signal Hill Campus opened to the public in September 2018. A large portion of the campus, the Emera Innovation Exchange, serves as Memorial's innovation and public engagement hub to facilitate university-community collaboration. The campus houses several public-facing university organizations, a large conference centre, and graduate student living accommodations. Current tenants are the Harris Centre, Gardiner Centre, Genesis, Office of Public Engagement, Office of Strategic Operations (Signal Hill Campus) and Conference Services, MUN Pensioners' Association, Newfoundland Quarterly, and Business & Arts NL.

Conference Centre

The Conference Centre on Signal Hill Campus is a convening space within the Emera Innovation Exchange. It houses several distinct convening spaces, each with full AV connectivity. The Conference Hall overlooks St. John's harbour and can be divided into three separate venues or combined as one larger venue with the capacity to host up to 450 people. The Atrium, a multifunctional event space spread over two levels and connected by a seated staircase, was designed to serve as a venue for public events and presentations. YAFFLE Connect, a space operating as a physical manifestation of the Yaffle application, Memorial's online connecting tool, was designed with small meetings, co-working sessions, dialogues and debates in mind. There are also eight meeting rooms on the lower level of the Atrium and a dining room with a built-in kitchen for private lunches or small dinner receptions.


The Harbour Wing and Tower areas of Signal Hill Campus are dedicated to graduate student living accommodations. There are 87 furnished rooms available, each single occupancy with a private washroom. The kitchen and lounge facilities on each floor are common areas shared between about 15 students.

Botanical Garden[edit]

The collection includes perennial and annual plants, aquatic plants, spruce, fir, and alder trees. The garden, founded in 1972, is located at Oxen Pond along Mount Scio Road.[48] The park has adopted the Twinflower (Linnaea borealis) as its emblem.

Student body and campus life[edit]

There are over 19,000 students currently enrolled in full and part-time studies at Memorial University. This number includes both undergraduate and graduate students. Approximately 85% of students are from Newfoundland and Labrador.[citation needed]

International students[edit]

There are currently 2,744 full-time and part-time international students enrolled at Memorial, hailing from 119 countries around the world pursuing high-quality education with high ranking as well.[49] International students comprise 15 percent of the student population, and are served by the Internationalisation Office, headquartered at Corte Real.[50][51]

Campus housing[edit]

Student Residences provides on-campus housing at the St. John's campus in three residential complexes: Paton College, Macpherson College, and Burton's Pond Apartments. There is a dining hall for students in residence, R. Gushue Hall, serviced by Aramark. A meal plan is mandatory for students in Paton College and Macpherson College.[52]

The Paton College dormitories offer traditional dormitory-style accommodations for approximately 1000 students in nine residences, called Houses, and named after persons associated with the university or Newfoundland and Labrador: Barnes, Blackall, Bowater, Burke, Curtis, Doyle, Hatcher, Rothermere, and Squires.

The newer Macpherson College consists of two similarly named Halls: Shiwak and Cluett, which house 250 students each and were officially opened in 2013.[53]

The five Courts of Burton's Pond apartments accommodate a total of 640 students (inclusive of any dependents) in four-bedroom apartments and provide a more independent lifestyle on campus. They are, in alphabetical order, Baltimore, Cabot, Cartier, Gilbert, and Guy.[54][52]

Sports, clubs, and traditions[edit]

Memorial's sports teams, the Memorial Sea-Hawks (formerly The Beothuks), are part of the Atlantic University Sport (AUS) league of U Sports. There are varsity teams in men's and women's basketball, cross-country, soccer, swimming, and women's volleyball. Curling, track and field and wrestling are also available as club sports. The university also has student media, including a radio station, CHMR-FM, and a newspaper, The Muse.

Cultural impact[edit]

Postage stamp[edit]

On 1 January 1943 and again on 21 March 1946, 'Memorial University College' stamps were issued based on a design by Herman Herbert Schwartz. The 2¢ / 30¢ stamps were perforated 12 and were printed by the Canadian Bank Note Company, Limited.[55][56]


Memorial University's Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science and Faculty of Science are major sponsors of Women in Science and Engineering Newfoundland and Labrador (WISE NL). MUN has supported WISE NL's Student Summer Employment Program, Aboriginal Youth Conference, and the WinSETT Leadership Program - St. John's series.[57]

Hudson & Rex[edit]

The Canadian crime comedy/drama series Hudson & Rex, based on the Austrian show Inspector Rex, is filmed at Memorial University regularly. The Bruneau Centre stands in for the headquarters of the fictional St. John's Police Department, while the rest of the campus has been used to portray the equally fictional Heritage University of Newfoundland and Labrador.[58]

Notable faculty and alumni[edit]


Coat of arms of Memorial University of Newfoundland
Granted 20 February 1951
Gules a Cross Moline Or between two bars gemel wavy Argent in chief three closed books bound of the last edged and clasped of the second.
Provehito in Altum (Launch into the deep)[59]

See also[edit]


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  2. ^ "Chancellor". Memorial University.
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  4. ^ "Record numbers Student enrolment reaches all-time high". Memorial University Gazette. 17 September 2020. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  5. ^ Memorial University of Newfoundland. "Newfoundland and Labrador's University". Archived from the original on 14 July 2008. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  6. ^ "A\J's Annual Education Guide (2017/2018) | A\J – Canada's Environmental Voice". 14 February 2017. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  7. ^ a b c d Collins, Alice (4 March 2015) [1st pub. 2012]. "Memorial University of Newfoundland". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
  8. ^ a b MacLeod, Malcolm (1989). "3. Parade Street Parade: The Student Body at Memorial University College, 1925–1949". In Paul Axelrod, John G. Reid (ed.). Youth, University, and Canadian Society: Essays in the Social History of Higher Education. Kingston, Ontario: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-7735-0709-8. OCLC 900264597. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  9. ^ "History of Memorial University". Archived from the original on 16 June 2008. Retrieved 30 May 2008.
  10. ^ "Aspects of Newfoundland History, 1832-1949".
  11. ^ "Giving up self-government in Newfoundland - CBC Archives".
  12. ^ British North America Act, 1949 (12, 13 & 14 G. 6, c. 22)
  13. ^ "RSNL1990 Chapter M-7 - Memorial University Act". Legislative Assembly of Newfoundland. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  14. ^ Pound, Richard W. (2005). Fitzhenry and Whiteside Book of Canadian Facts and Dates. Fitzhenry and Whiteside.
  15. ^ "Profs, politicians attack Burke over MUN hiring". CBC News. 30 July 2008. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
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  17. ^ "MUN creates Labrador campus to grant university degrees in Happy Valley-Goose Bay". CBC News. 24 July 2020. Retrieved 15 February 2023.
  18. ^ Atter, Heidi (27 February 2022). "Memorial University expanding to create Labrador campus in Happy Valley-Goose Bay". CBC News. Retrieved 15 February 2023.
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  35. ^ a b c "2023 Academic Ranking of World Universities". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. 2022. Retrieved 15 August 2023.
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  57. ^ "Sponsors |". Retrieved 5 July 2022.
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  59. ^ "Memorial University of Newfoundland". Canadian Heraldic Authority. 12 November 2020. Retrieved 27 August 2021.


External links[edit]